It seems that many people today are of the opinion that God had nothing to do with the creation of the universe. They even deny the existence of God and claim that the universe came into being by itself.
They believe in evolution.
And let me just state a fact here: EVOLUTION IS A THEORY!!!
It has never been proven. It is a theoretical model devised to try to explain how the universe and life as we know it came into existence.
As a Christian, I been criticized for my belief in God. According to one of my colleagues, the only reason that I believe that God created the universe is because the American government is dumb enough to allow American schools to teach their students that the universe was created by God. In actuality, the school system definitely promotes evolution as the main theory behind the creation of the universe. It just doesn’t go out of its way to discount creationism in the way that the German school system does.
But I was actually not offended by my colleague’s beliefs. The truth is, very few people who believe in evolution actually know why Christians do believe that the universe was created. I also found his comment slightly amusing because I am convinced that most of the people who believe in the theory of evolution only believe in it because they have been taught it in their schools. For the most part, they have just never considered any other plausible alternatives.
So I decided to write this post. My purpose here is threefold:
- To answer questions that have been asked concerning what exactly I believe.
- To ask some questions about the theory of evolution.
- To explain more succinctly why exactly I believe what I believe.
Questions concerning the Belief that God created the universe:
How does your belief that God created the universe not contradict the scientific observations and research that has been made?
To answer this question, there needs to be a distinction made between Macro-evolution and Micro-evolution. I am not actually sure if these are terms that are used by the scientific community, so I will define these terms as I understand them.
Micro-evolution refers to the evolution of human creatures on a small scale. It explains how species are able to adapt to different environments, and it includes Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection. What? I actually believe in something that Charles Darwin wrote? Yes! What a shocker! Charles Darwin made some observations of some birds on some island and realized that the color of the birds’ feathers changed to adapt to the different surroundings. I respect him greatly for making the discovery and actually find it fascinating to see how all of the species of the earth can adapt to change.
Macro-evolution refers to the theory that all life species found on Earth have evolved from one common ancestor. It pretty much states that there was some sort of electrical pulse that jolted some sort of protein soup and turned into a bunch of one-celled organisms. Then those one-celled organisms ate each other up and turned into multi-celled organisms. After a while, the cells evolved and adapted. The multi-celled organisms eventually crawled out of the soup and grew legs and evolved into all of the other kinds of species on the Earth. Frankly, I just don’t buy it. And the thing is, I did oversimplify the theory and make it sound a bit ridiculous (sorry), but if you actually consider all of the steps that would have to take place in order for this to take place scientifically, it isn’t any more plausible. But I’ll get to that more later.
Why do you believe that the universe is 6000 years old?
I don’t actually believe that the universe is 6000 years old. Some Christians may actually believe this (although I honestly have never met one) because they believe that the universe began when mankind was created (c.a. 6000 years ago). But if we look at the Bible, we notice that it doesn’t say anything of the sort.
Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Genesis 1:2 But the earth became waste and emptiness…
Here we can see that the account of the actual creation of the universe is very vague. It doesn’t state that God created the universe and then instantly created mankind. In fact, the gap between the two verses encompasses around 13 billion years. And the thing is? We KNOW that the universe came into existence at a specific point of time. The proof is in the night sky. The universe is supposedly without limits and there are supposedly an incalculable number of stars in the sky. So there is theoretically not a square millimeter of the sky (as we see it) in which a star does not lie. But we don’t see stars everywhere. This is because the other stars in the universe are to far away and their light has not yet had the time to reach Earth. The Big Bang theory (which is held as the main belief of almost all scientists) assumes that the universe came into existence at a single point in time by some unknown and yet unexplained force (what kind of force? I am guessing God…), and it describes the behavior of the universe until the point of creation. What? I believe in the Big Bang theory? Well…I did take astronomy and I found it extremely fascinating.
Questions that I have for any, and all those, who believe in the theory of Evolution?
Sadly, the two questions above are the only ones that I have ever been asked regarding my belief that God created the universe. If you have any more, please comment and I will be more than willing to update this post. However, I also have a TON of questions about evolution because I personally just don’t understand how evolution can even be considered as a plausible theory (and to clarify, as I mentioned above, by evolution here I mean MACRO-evolution, not micro-evolution). Before we go on though, I would like to pose one question and ask you to consider it as you go on to read the other questions:
Why do you believe in evolution? Do you believe in it by default because it is the theory that you have been taught since you were a child, or do you believe it because you have already thoroughly explored all other alternatives (on a scientific level) and found them to be lacking?
Questions relating to microbiology/chemistry:
So my first set of questions have to do with how a single cell could evolve. I am by no means a biologist, but I did pick up some general knowledge of the working of cells during my high school experience, and even did some experiments with DNA extractions and DNA replications using PCR. Even the tiniest human or plant cell is extremely complex (see diagram below). It consists of a cell wall and many different organelles, which carry out many different functions, most of which have to do with the reproduction of DNA.
(I got the above diagram from this site).
It consists of a cell wall and many different organelles that carry out many different functions. Of course, the theory of evolution doesn’t actually claim that such a complex cell was created in an instant. Rather, it claims that cells similar to bacteria evolved over a period of time. Bacteria only consist of a cell wall, a bunch of DNA that floats around inside of the cell wall, and a bunch of proteins that carry out the DNA replication process. But that is the thing that you really have to understand about cells, proteins are the basic building block with which a cell is made. They also carry out every step of the DNA replication process. Pretty much, without proteins, there is no life.
So we are coming closer to the point where I actually begin to ask questions about the theory of evolution (this is not an anecdote, I promise. But I do find molecular biology absolutely fascinating). Now we have established the fact that life is fully dependent on protein and the reproduction of protein. So, how is protein reproduced today? It turns out that we have this fascinating thing called DNA. It consists of four molecules that, when connected together form a really long double helix. And the order of the molecules in the DNA is very important, because it is actually a code which tells the cell how to create a certain protein. Proteins are very complex molecules that are made up of smaller molecules called amino acids (of which there are 22 different kinds). But there is something remarkable about the molecules that make up DNA and the amino acids that make up proteins. It is called “Chirality”. It turns out that if you have a carbon atom which has bonded with four other molecules, and the other molecules are all different, there are actually two different shapes that are formed. Get a chemistry kit and build a such a molecule and then switch two of the groups and you will see what I mean. The difference is the difference between your left hand and your right hand. The two molecule types, or isotopes, are actually mirror images of each other. Therefore, the scientists classify these two groups as being “Left-Handed” or “Right-Handed”. The thing is, DNA is made up completely of right-handed molecules (Adenine (A), Cytosine (C), Guanine (G), and Thymine (T)) and proteins are made up completely of left-handed molecules (Amino acids). But when these compounds are produced in nature, they are ALWAYS produced as a 50/50 compound of left and right-handed isotopes.
Please check out this article. Dr. Charles McCombs explains chirality much better than I ever could.
So now after attempting to give you a couple years of science courses in a few paragraphs, I will finally get down to the questions I wanted to ask for all those who adhere to the theory of Evolution:
- DNA relies on proteins for its reproduction. Proteins rely on DNA in order to be reproduced. So which was created first? Proteins or DNA? (Much like the chicken or the egg question…which is also a good question by the way)
- What is the probability, considering that half of all isotopes of A,T,G, and C produced in nature are the left-handed isotope, that DNA created would be completely composed to the right-handed isotope?
- What is the probability, considering that half of all isotopes of amino acids produced in nature are right-handed, that proteins created would be completely composed of the left-handed isotope?
- What is the probability that all of the A,T,G, and C molecules would come together in the right order to form a functional piece of DNA that actually translates to a valid protein?
- What is the probability that the proper DNA would be coded for all of the known proteins necessary to sustain life?
- What is the probability that simple cells would evolve into more a more complex cell like the plant cell?
- What is the probability that these complex cells would adapt and clump together to form a living, multi-celled organism?
- How would a multi-celled organism evolve so that different cells would have different functions (eye, nerve, blood, bone, hair, etc.)?
- What is the probability that the process described in the previous question would actually happen?
- What is the probability for all of the other steps that would need to happen in order for life as we know it to evolve?
Questions related to philosophy:
Considering all the immensely small combined probability discussed in the previous section, WHY IS BELIEVING IN EVOLUTION ANY DIFFERENT THAN BELIEVING IN GOD???
- Why is there beauty on this Earth? It is not actually necessary for our very existence, so why did it evolve?
- Why do human beings always spend their whole entire lives wondering and looking for the meaning of life?
- Why have all known human civilizations had some sort of religion? Why don’t other animals search for the meaning of life or try to worship God?
The Reason I Believe in God
I took the opportunity to add the following verse to my list of my favorite Bible verses:
Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of Him, both His eternal power and divine characteristics, have been clearly seen since the creation of the world, being perceived by the things made so that they would be without excuse.
I have considered everything I have learned in school and by living life and decided that all things considered, believing that some higher being designed and created the Earth is a much more plausible explanation than evolution.
But why do I actually believe in my God?
I have called out to the Lord, and as an answer, I had a certain, unmistakable, real, touch of Him. I like to say that I have tasted Him, because I find that the faculty of tasting is one of the best metaphors to describe the feeling that you get when you touch God. Through these experiences, I have come to believe two things:
- I am absolutely certain that God exists.
- Through my contact and tasting of Him, I have come to know something of His power and ability. Therefore, I believe with my whole heart that God is fully capable of creating the universe and every little tiny detail within it.
It only takes a tiny amount of faith to go from believing that God CAN create the universe to believing that He DID create the universe. And that is exactly what I believe. I believe that my wonderful, lovable God created the universe.